「特になし」は英語で何というでしょうか

Luke
こんにちは、イギリス生まれ、東京在住英語教師と作家のLukeです。


「特になし」という日本語は、書類などでよく見かけます。それなので、日本人は「特になし」を英訳することが多々あると思いますが、実は注意が必要です。僕は仕事上、「特になし」が「not in particular」や「nothing in particular」、「nothing much」のように英訳されているのを度々目にしますが、これらは間違っています。「not in particular」、「nothing much」、「not in particular」はくだけた英語なので、仕事の書類に書くべきではありません。これらのフレーズは「特になし」ではなく、「別に」のようなニュアンスになってしまいます。

Do you have a favorite food?
Not in particular.
食べ物で何が好き?
特に何も。

What are you doing?
Nothing much.
何してるの?
別に。

それでは、書類に書いてある「特になし」の正しい訳し方を説明します。通常の場合なら、none や N/A という英語が良いでしょう。N/A は not applicable を省略したもので、「該当なし」という意味になりますが、書類などで使われている場合「特になし」のような意味になります。

ABOUT LUKEこの記事をかいた人

こんにちは、筆者のLuke Tunnicliffeです。母はアメリカ人、父はイギリス人。イギリスのコーンウォール州生まれ、13歳のとき、アメリカのノースカロライナ州へ。大学卒業した後はワシントンD.C.で雑誌編集者・記者の仕事を経験。その後、新潟県の中学校で英語教師を2年間。現在、東京に在住。著書に『イギリスのスラング、アメリカのスラング』(研究者)、『この英語、どう違う?』(KADOKAWA)、『「とりあえず」は英語でなんと言う?』 (大和書房)、『「さすが!」は英語でなんと言う?』、「カジュアル系」英語のトリセツ」(アルク)があります。NHK基礎英語1の「4コマでニュアンスを学ぶ基本英単語」、婦人公論の「ティーテイムEnglish」 の連載もあります。 イギリス、アメリカ、日本で経験した様々なことをこのサイトに生かし、皆さんにお届けしたいと思っています。 皆さん、これからもよろしくお願いします。新着記事を読みたい方は、ぜひ英語 with Lukeをフォローして下さいね。

7 件のコメント

  • 味の表現で「甘い、酸っぱい、辛い」などは解ります。
    では「さっぱりした味」や「濃い(薄い)味」といった表現はありますか?

  • It can be found that ‘Not in particular.’ and ‘Nothing in particular.’ in the English
    dictionary for Japanese written by professors or so.It says that ‘ Those meanings are the same as N/A.’in Japanese.
    But,your explanation says that the phrases are too easy to Business English.And,you says also that it’s wrong to express that those phrases
    can be used almighty via translation or
    dictionaries and so on.
    There is the reason that I’d like to be positive user for the English-English dictionaries here.
    And,you are native naturally.
    Additionally,I always wonder why those previous authors wanna be positive about avoiding simple explanation of the meanings or things that
    belong to simple ones naturally.
    You might say that ‘ isn’t it simple? It’s just a ‘Not in particular.”.
    I have to say that ‘ No,it’s not simple.It’s just a wrong explanation in the case.I mean focus their intent over teaching. ‘.
    Have a look an example for just a ‘ is ‘.
    How do they like to express about this simple
    thing ?Here it is.
    ‘Two IS to three as four IS to six.=As two IS to three, four IS to six.’ in their making
    dictionary.What’s that?What do they want to do for us?It is their favorit example which they wanna provide us to express jsut a ‘ is ‘.
    After all,they have made many people who can not reply even ‘ It is. ‘ through speaking.
    It does not make sense.Moreover,they like to add senseless idea below.
    It is to show all people learning English in
    this island each English word has a degree of some kinds of schools or universities with no reason.Here are the examples.
    They input that a word ‘ understand ‘ is degree for junior high school and a word ‘misunderstand ‘ is degree for high school in their dictionary.
    Therefore,some people who belong to senseless
    are constantly trying to make adult people who don’t stop learning or growing as a person
    something else who is disgrace by their
    criticism.
    On the other hand,there are lots of non-native speakers in the whole world including even Europe.
    And,people are willing to learn languages
    including English in their whole lives with non-criticism.
    Once again,you explained about wrong explanations.What’s happen to the things?
    I mean there are some people who have hidden intent that they think English is just a tool to pride them on their knowledge.
    However,in actually,they are trying to pride more themselves or their kids that belong to some schools or universities in the past or present than any other who are trying to become the real user of English.
    I don’t know what name should be applicable to their proudly illness-intent and who sold out schools and universities to them in Japan.
    Anyway,I’d like to say ‘thanks’ to all of people who are willing to support my learning with
    pleasure in the whole world.

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